A new law allows the government to purchase any lender it deems “insolvent,” according to an official statement
The building of the National Bank of Ukraine in Kiev. © Sputnik
Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky has signed a decree that will allow for strategic banks to be nationalized if deemed insolvent, according to a document published on the parliament’s website on Wednesday.
The legislation enables banks declared insolvent to be bought out for a symbolic price of 1 hryvnia (less than $0.03) and subsequently nationalized. Currently, there are 14 banks classified as systemically important in Ukraine, a list that includes both private and state-owned financial institutions.
“The state, represented by the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine, participates in the removal from the market of a systemically important bank if the National Bank of Ukraine decides to classify it as ‘insolvent’,” the statement reads.
Once the central bank recognizes a bank as insolvent, it is obliged to notify the lender itself, as well as the government. The decision to nationalize a bank will be made by the Cabinet of Ministers.
Once a lender is declared ‘insolvent’, it will be sold for 1 hryvnia regardless of the actual size of the bank’s regulatory capital. If the bank is shown to be worth more than 1 hryvnia, the law provides for shareholders to be repaid from Russian compensation for the damage caused in Ukraine.
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